Haruki Murakami: The Story of a Maverick Writer

There are always some people, whom either you adore a lot or you hate them.

There is no in-between. You can’t say he or she is an average person. The average word just doesn’t suit. I always admire such people for their exclusitivity. Whether they are really good or worse but the thing about them is they are original.

They don’t try to copy others, some might not like them but they never try to quench other’s satisfaction by losing their originality.

In the last 3-4 years, I have read different genre of books written by various authors. And I just love some of the writers. I am in awe of them.

Even in this amazing world of books, just like people in real life, there are some writers about whom people have mixed opinions. But there are some exceptional writers whom people either obsessively love or they hate him (because they can’t make any sense of their work).

Haruki Murakami is one such exceptional author. I have seen people who don’t like his works at all. And some people who just adore his works.

Where am I standing?

Well, I have read just 3 of his books and although there are many to be read, I am definitely in the category who just loves his books.

His books are not based on any fairy tale story neither any extraordinary people’s story and yet they transcend you to a different world. The stories are so relatable that for some moment you might forget you are reading fiction.

He will take you to the journey of a familiar yet adventurous world and then pull you down to the real life, make you grounded. It’s exactly a rollercoaster. In fact, he beautifully said in one of his books-

“Whatever you are seeking won’t come in the form you are expecting”

Every time I read his writings, it feels like I am diving deeper into the depth of my soul. He makes me feel more of a human being. He shows magic through his writings and he admitted so when he said-

“In part, the work of a novelist is similar to being an illusionist.”

Haruki Murakami

What surprised me most is his way of writing stories. He never plans his books. Just like a reader he doesn’t know the end when he starts writing a book. If there is a murder in the story, he doesn’t know the murderer until he finishes the story.

His writing is free flowing not mechanically planned. I believe that’s what helps him create such alluring works. I think-

“You can design creativity but you cannot plan creativity”

His story about how he became a writer is even more fascinating.

Haruki Murakami was born in Kyoto, Japan, in 1949. Later he moved to Kobe and then to Tokyo, where he attended Waseda University to study drama. There he met his wife Yoko.

Shortly before finishing his studies, Murakami opened a coffee house and jazz bar in Tokyo, which he ran along with his wife Yoko. Murakami got married just at the age of 23.

In 1978 Murakami was in the bleachers of Jingu Stadium watching a baseball game. When Dave Hilton, an American came to bat.

According to an oft-repeated story, in the instant that he hit a double, Murakami suddenly realized that he could write a novel. He went home and began writing that night. Before that, he didn’t write anything.  He described the feeling a like a “warm sensation” he could still feel in his heart

Wow! It sounds like a fairy tale right. But it’s true. Inspiration can strike anywhere, anytime.

He published his first noble ‘Hear The Wind Sing’ in 1980 at the age of 31 and won the best fiction written by a new writer.

Murakami’s initial success with Hear the Wind Sing encouraged him to continue writing. Later he wrote ‘Pinball’, ‘A wild Sheep’ etc.

His fame escalated widely after he wrote ‘Norwegian Wood‘ in 1987. This spreads his work worldwide. Later a movie was also made on this book by the same name in 2012.

Some of his best books include The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle, Sputnik Sweetheart, Kafka on the Shore, 1Q84, etc.

Writing about Haruki Murakami is a really challenging job. He is notorious for shying away from the media and he rarely does any interviews. You won’t get any information about him on the internet.

He lives in his own beautiful world. It’s very understandable why he does so. You need to be away from all kinds of distractions to create what he creates.

Another interesting fact about him is his passion for running. To date, he has run more than 30 marathons.

In fact, he has written an entire book on this named What I talk When I Talk about Running.

Murakami is turned 70 years old. Even at this age he always wakes up at around 4 a.m, writes for 3-4 hours, then go for a long run. His evenings are quiet usually.

Exercise is crucial for Murakami. He started writing is like endurance sports. You need an extremely focused and resilient mind for a long time. He said once-

” When I’m in writing mode for a novel, I get up at four a.m. and work for five to six hours. In the afternoon, I run for ten kilometers or swim for fifteen hundred meters (or do both), then I read a bit and listen to some music. I go to bed at nine p.m. I keep to this routine every day without variation. The repetition itself becomes the important thing; it’s a form of mesmerism. I mesmerize myself to reach a deeper state of mind. But to hold to such repetition for so long—six months to a year—requires a good amount of mental and physical strength. In that sense, writing a long novel is like survival training. Physical strength is as necessary as artistic sensitivity. “

–in a 2004 interview with John Wray for The Paris Review

In his book What I Talk About When I Talk About Running he said-

” After focus, the next most important thing for a novelist is, hands down, endurance. If you concentrate on writing three or four hours a day and feel tired after a week of this, you’re not going to be able to write a long work. What’s needed for a writer of fiction—at least one who hopes to write a novel—is the energy to focus every day for half a year, or a year, or two years. You can compare it to breathing. “

All of Murakami’s admirers agree with me on the fact that all his works are so close to life. It’s his amazing ability to voyage his readers through his books to a roller coaster journey. And after each journey, the reader feels like living another life. A life filled with adventurous, failures, successes, and a lot of beautiful memories.

His books bring the readers closer to life by unveiling life’s layers.

In a prize ceremony, he said-

” I have only one reason to write novels, and that is to bring the dignity of the individual soul to the surface and shine a light upon it. The purpose of a story is to sound an alarm, to keep a light trained on The System in order to prevent it from tangling our souls in its web and demeaning them. I fully believe it is the novelist’s job to keep trying to clarify the uniqueness of each individual soul by writing stories—stories of life and death, stories of love, stories that make people cry and quake with fear and shake with laughter. This is why we go on, day after day, concocting fictions with utter seriousness. “

If you are someone who likes to read books and haven’t yet read Haruki Murakami’s books, then you should try out his books. Either you won’t like them or you will fall in love with them madly.

Haruki Murakami has been awarded with many awards, recognitions throughout the world. In 2018, when he was nominated for an alternative to the Nobel Prize in Literature, he withdrew his name by saying that he wanted to concentrate on his writings. Obviously he is not interested in awards, all he wants is to create mesmerizing stories that move people.

But as an admirer of Murakami, I definitely want the Nobel prize to be given to Haruki Murakami. Hopefully, he will get it soon.

I remember some beautiful lines about struggles in life from his book Kafka on the Shore

“And once the storm is over, you won’t remember how you made it through, how you managed to survive. You won’t even be sure, whether the storm is really over. But one thing is certain. When you come out of the storm, you won’t be the same person who walked in. That’s what this storm’s all about.”

I love his books and who knows you might too. Give them a try.

Thank you Haruki Murakami for writing such spellbinding stories.

Have a meaningful week. Until next time.



  1. Life beyond numbers
  2. Writing advice frm Haruki Murakami
  3. Murakami
  4. Wikipedia

Biography Personal Growth Social

The Wondrous Journey of a Tree Mother

Centuries ago Aristotle said-

Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all

This is so true, especially in this generation. Most of us rate an educated person by the kind of IQ he/she has, by his/her cognitive skills, by the kind of degrees that person posses. Centuries before wise people like Aristotle, Socrates, Plato, Marcus Aurelius, Seneca told us about what we call education and whom we can call an educated person.

Unfortunately, we as a generation have forgotten all those and education to us means only the feeding of information to our mind.

The basic qualities of a human being such as empathy, compassion, self esteem, social awareness are no longer necessary to call someone a truly educated person. No doubt that’s why we are becoming less human day by day.

Still, in the chaos of modern-day life and the race to become more educated by having more number of degrees, there are some people who time after time teaches us the true meaning of education.

Saalumarada Thimmakka is one such name among them. I am sure most of you probably have never heard this name before. If you are a very socially active person you might have seen the picture below-

Saalumarada thimmakka blessing Indian President

It’s one of the rare pictures where in an award ceremony, a 108 year old lady blessing the Indian President. In 2019, this remarkable lady got the Padmashree award from Indian President ( fourth highest civilian award in India).

You must be wondering who is this old lady and what she has done?

Saalumarada thimmakka (Aalada Marada Timakka) born in Gubbi in Tumakuru district, Karnataka in 1910. Being from a poor background and due to lack of opportunity, she could never attend school or have any kind of formal education. At the age of just 10, she began working as a coolie.

Some years later she got married to Bekal Chikkayya, a farmer from nearby Ramanagar district, who too hailed from a modest background. Most of their life, the couple spent in poverty. They remained childless even after 25 years of their marriage and for the same reason they had to face criticism from their relatives and neighbors.

The couple was ostracised by her relatives and neighbors for not being able to bear children. To cope up with the emptiness in their life, they decided to plant trees and raise them as their own kid. In the first year, they collected 10 banyan tree saplings and planted them along a four-kilometer stretch of highway between Hulikal and Kudur in Karnataka. Next year they planted more number of trees. Numbers increased years after year. In one of her interview with Aljazeera, she said-

One day we thought why not plant trees and tend to them like we would our children

Soon they find solace in planting and nurturing trees. They treated those trees as their own children, they used to water them, protect them from cattle by fencing around them with thorny bushes. At times, she carried 30 to 40 pots of water a day from nearby ponds and wells to water the saplings.

She and her husband plant saplings in the monsoon session so that there could be adequate water for their growth. Thus, a four kilometer highway, which was devoid of any trees, become green and beautiful due to sheer effort of the couple.

Banyan trees planted by the couple on the highway

Her husband died in 1991 but that didn’t stop Thimmakka’s love of planting and nurturing trees. She continued her passion with the same grit and courage.

In all these years she has planted more than 8000 trees out of which 385 are banyan trees. Just unbelievable! isn’t it?

Saalumarada means ‘rows of trees’ in Kannada language. Saalumarada name was given by people to respect her remarkable work towards planting the trees and saving the environment, and the obstacles the couple faced during the process. Her planted trees are taken care by the Karnataka government now-a-days.

She has done much more work than just planting trees. She is still actively involved in the state and national environmental protection campaign. \

Saalumarada Thimakka has been an active campaigner in circulating the message of afforestation. She believes every human being on this planet should plant trees and it is evident when she said-

“How we planted and took care of the trees, everyone from children to the elderly should plant and grow trees. It will be beneficial for all of us”

Saalumarada Thimmaka has been a role model for environmentalist all over the world. In 2016, BBC  included her in their list of top 100 influential and inspiring women. She has won numerous awards in her life for her work including 2019 Padmashree, National Citizens award (1995), Godfrey Philips Bravery award (2006) and many more.

A U.S. environmental organization based in Los Angeles and Oakland, California called Thimmakka’s Resources for Environmental Education is named after her. She has set up a trust for building up a hospital in her village.

Does her life has changed now?

No, all these recognitions and rewards from all over the world haven’t changed her. She is struggling financially and living with mere pension of only Rs. 500 (7 USD). Only thing is now some people knew her and appreciate her work.

Saalumarada Thimmaka had to go through a lot of hardship to achieve whatever she has done for the environment and humanity. According to a study, the total worth of all the trees she has planted and grown in terms of currency is approximate Rs. 17500000 (more than 1.5 million).  Despite this, she has dedicated all the trees to the state and has never expected anything in return.

Her work never changed her financial condition. Never did she flaunted about her work. Still, she is unknown to a majority of people. However, all these never deterred her spirit from helping mankind.

Today Saalumarada Thimmakka at the age of 107 lives with her foster son Umesh. Undoubtedly, she is an inspiration for every human being on this planet.

What mesmerized me most about this incredible woman is her determination towards her work. Instead of the fact that people do not appreciate her work always or she is not going to earn money and live a luxurious life, she is relentlessly doing her job. She is still struggling financially, her work deserves much more attention than what she has got. But all these matter nothing to her. It reminds me of one of the famous quotes-

Destruction has noise but creation is silent

Saalumarada Thimmakka’s work is a perfect example of this. The true way to honor such a tree mother is to continue her fight. If only we plant as many trees as possible and help to save the environment and humanity, that would the best tribute to her.

Saalumarada Thimmakka

Saalumarada Thimmakka also teaches us the true way to become an educated person as I said at the beginning of this article. What’s the point of feeding information in our mind, if it’s not able to contribute for the betterment of the world.

If a woman without any formal education can do so much for the world, imagine what we, with years of education can do for the world.

It’s high time we understand the true meaning of education

Have a meaningful week. Until next time.



  1. Saalumarada Thimmekka- The Green Crusador
  3. Techfacts
  4. The News Minute
Biography Personal Growth

Nuseir Yassin: The Man Who Showed Us a Better World

Nuseir Yassin- a name you probably never heard before.

However, if you are active on social media you probably heard or seen videos of ‘Nas Daily‘. Ok look at the picture below, you have probably seen him before on Facebook or Instagram.

Nuseir Yassin

If you don’t know him. that’s ok. By the end of this article, you are going to know a lot about this guy.

You might be thinking, but why should I know about this guy? What he has done?

Fair enough. How many times you have thought that the world is a terrible place to live and most people in this world are just self-obsessed, selfish, cruel, etc.?

We all have similar kind of thoughts at some point of life. Whenever something bad happens to us, we start thinking 99% of people in this world are cruel only 1% are still kind.

I promise at the end of this article this guys story will make you believe that it’s actually quite opposite. 99% of people in this world are kind, helpful only the remaining 1% is awful.

Who is Nuseir Yassin?

Nuseir Yassin, more popularly known for his Facebook page ‘Nas Daily‘, born in Arabba, Israel in the year 1992. He considers himself as an Israeli-Palestinian. Sounds strange!

In 1948 when Israel came into existence, some palestanian left from Israel, some got killed and some stayed there. He is from one of those communities who stayed in Israel and that’s why he considers himself as an Israeli-Palestinian .

Nuseir is middle of the four sons, his mother, a teacher, and his father, a psychologist, valued education. No wonder he understood the value of education and became interested in learning stuff from childhood.

After finishing his school in Israel, Nuseir wanted to study in one of the ivy league colleges (USA). There is a reason behind that.

In Israel, there is not much flexibility when it comes to learning diffrent subjects. For example, someone can study Aerospace Engineering only if he will be a pilot in the future. He said in one of his interviews-

“I wanted to be an aerospace engineer because I really like space. But I didn’t go to the army. And in Israel, you have to be a pilot of some sort [in order to study aerospace engineering]. It was impossible for me here. I just wanted to focus on what I enjoy doing; I didn’t want to be thinking about bombs and Arab vs. Jew. I just want to have fun.”

More than his brilliance as a student it was Nuseir Yassin‘s application letter to Harvard which made it possible to enter into Harvard. He wrote about his frustrations of not being able to pursue his dreams because of who he was, an Arab born in Israel. Once his application letter accepted, he was offered a scholarship to offset the cost.

In 2014 he graduated from Harvard with a degree in Economics and Computer Science. In the same year, he moved to New York to make his way through the ranks in the tech industry. He got a job at Venmo, a Paypal owned money transfer app where his salary was well above $100,000 per year. He was just 25 years old by this time.

In terms of education, career, income he had made it. But then something happened to him. Nuseir (Nas) began thinking about the worth of his life. He realized he already lived one-third of his life and spending most of his time in a desk of the office. You can understand it when he said-

“It seemed like I was selling my life for money, my life was worth more than $120,000 a year.”

It was that time when decided to travel the world and make his life meaningful. Most importantly, he decided to document his travels on a quick one minute video.

Why only one-minute video?

He answered-

“It has to be one minute because people are busy”

But traveling the world was not an instantaneous decision. He planned for it consciously. Before leaving his job, Nuseir decided how much money he’d need to get by while traveling the world.

He figured out that someone could reasonably live on $60,000 a year in New York, so he saved up that amount before leaving his job.

Finally, in 2016, he quit his job, bought a camera, a plane ticket, and committed himself to travel the world fulltime. At the same time, he took an oath to make one video (of 1 minute) every day while traveling different places.

Nuseir set up a Facebook page named ‘Nas daily‘, where Nas means people in Arabic. He posted one video everyday on his page for continuous 1000 days. Isn’t it amazing!

His first stop was Kenya, where he arrived with a plan to make videos while he was on his trip. It was also when the budding vlogger realized he could earn money — and perks such as free hotel stay.

“I got a job offer after 18 days: $3,000 a month to work in Nigeria to teach five people how to make videos,” Yassin said.

Hosting educational workshops, and other freelance assignments are the things that are key to financial stability for Yassin while traveling.

First 150 videos he recorded got almost no attention from people but slowly his one minute videos caught the attention of people worldwide and today he has 12 million followers only on Facebook and almost 1 million on Instagram.

So what his videos about which became so viral?

What I found most fascinating about his videos is, he shows us the world which typical media never bother to show us. He purposely sets his sight on less popular tourist destinations, like Rwanda, Papua New Guinea, Tanzania, Malta, Armenia, many of which you probably never heard before. Till now he has traveled more than 65 countries.

He doesn’t talk only about how beautiful the place is in his videos but more importantly about people, the culture there. There is a message in each one of his videos to learn, which makes his one minute videos so charismatic.

“I make videos about people’s stories in a way that is human”- said Nas about his videos

You must be thinking what’s this guys profession now? How he is earning?

Nas has created a business off of his personal mantra of self-fulfillment. He consults for business and people looking to produce multimedia content. He earns revenue from Facebook ads embedded in his videos.

Moreover, he sells his own themed t-shirt which spells out what percentage of your life is already over in a smartphone battery form. You can even buy this t-shirt from his website. The t-shirt looks like this- 

Nas themed t-shirt

This t-shirt reminds you that even your life has a deadline. Before that deadline comes, use your time wisely. Live your life the way you want to live. See how cool is this t-shirt!

About his future plans, he said-

“I want to settle down in one place, raise $1 million, start a company and share what I learned from this year, my dream is to build a tech company that helps people discover content.”

 Yes, he finally settled down in Singapore this year. He called Singapore an ‘almost perfect country’. Have a look at this video-

These days he is making one video per week after completing his marathon 1000 videos.

Follow his Facebook page ‘Nas daily’ and Instagram page to get updates about his contents. Very soon he is going to start his own Podcast named ‘Nas talks’. I am pretty excited about that.

By the way, he doesn’t put his videos on YouTube first. There are reasons for that. Hear from him-

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Here are some best contents of Nas-

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Nuseir Yassin had everything according to modern standards, a degree from Harvard, a well paying stable job, living in New York but probably not what he wanted from life.

He sees life as ‘finite amount of time and energy’. Our life has a deadline whether you realize it or not. We all are going to leave this world one day. How you are going to utilize this ‘finite amount of time and energy’ is up to us. It’s better to think and reflect over your life in your 20s or 30s rather than having regret in your 60s.

On asking what’s the secret of producing good content and what inspires him he said-

“The way to make good content is to care about it. I’ve seen a lot of people do things they don’t care about just to make money.”
“I want to see the video when I’m 90 and be proud of it, not say that this is trash but I got paid for it,”

Don’t be a babbitt person, become a free soul.

Have a meaningful week. Until next time- Joy


  1. The times of Israel
  2. For Israeli Arab one-minute video blogger
  3. Business Insider report
  4. Nas daily picture courtesy

Biography Science

Clara Immerwahr: A Tragic Heroine of Science

Do you know Fritz Haber?

I am sure you must have heard about him. A major portion of humankind would not been able to survive without this man’s discovery. Half of the nitrogen atoms in today’s human body are because of this man.

You must be thinking, what this guy is talking about?

I am talking about the Haber-Bosch process, discovered by Fritz Haber which enabled to fix nitrogen from the air with hydrogen and thereby transform it to a form (ammonia), which could be metabolized by plants.

This process allowed people to mass produce plant fertilizers due to production of ammonia and thus farmers are able to grow more food to support a large population of 7.7 billion people of the world. Imagine if there was no ammonia, how we could supply food for this population. That’s why Haber’s invention is thought of as ‘bread from air’.

No wonder, Fritz Haber was awarded Nobel Prize in the year 1930. However, when he received the prestigious Nobel prize, many scientists including renowned physicist Ernest Rutherford refused to shake hand with Haber.

Why would people refuse to shake hand with a person who has given us ‘bread from air’?

Strange isn’t it.

It is indeed strange until you know the story of ‘Clara Immerwahr‘- wife of Fritz Haber.

I shouldn’t have introduced her as the wife of Fritz Haber. It’s unfair. Her own glory is enough that she doesn’t have to hide behind Fritz Haber’s shadow. Unfortunately, still today she remains as a hidden figure or known as Fritz Haber’s wife to most people who know her.

In the year 2016, when I was doing my post graduation I first read about ‘Clara Immerwahr‘ in a science magazine. I was so inspired by her story that I wrote a mail to the editor of that magazine. Fortunately, the editor published my reaction in that magazine. This was my reaction-

And today it gives me immense pleasure to write about this incredible woman.

So, who was Clara Immerwahr’ except Fritz Haber’s wife?

Born on 21st June 21, 1870, in Germany near Breslau (now Wroclaw in Poland) Clara Immerwahr grew up in a well-cultured and liberal Jewish family with her three siblings. She was youngest among all. Her father was a trained chemist but after his startup failure he moved to polkendorff (now in Poland), where is innovative spirit and farming skills made him wealthy. Due to the unavailibility of schools for girls, Clara had to study under a private tutor in her childhood.

Every winter Clara used to spend with her grandmother along with her siblings in Breslau. During that time her grandmother decided to admit Clara and her siblings to a school in Breslau. It was decided that winters they will study at school and the rest of the time when in Polkendorff, they will study under private tutors.

While two of her elder sisters left school, her brother went further to Berlin for higher studies and ultimately earned a doctorate degree. Clara was very eager in studies, especially in natural science. Her brother’s achievement further motivated her to pursue higher education.

Clara’s mother died in 1990. Her father handed over the farm in Polendorff to Elli, her elder sister and moved to Breslau with Clara.

It was in Breslau, where during a dancing class Clara met Fritz Haber. Haber fell in love with Clara and proposed to her. However, Clara declined his offer as she wanted to be financially independent and pursue science as carrer. Such self-esteem and enthusiasm towards science tell a lot about ‘Clara Immerwahr’.

Fortunately, Clara’s father came to know about Miss Knittel, who was known as a widely traveled and a wise woman also ran a teachers seminary. Clara had been admitted to that school. Very soon miss Knittel identified Clara’s aptitude towards science and presented her a book named ‘Conversations On Chemistry‘. This book inspired Clara to pursue Chemistry as her specialization.

After completing her studies at seminary, Clara worked as a governess, giving private lessons as she had no option for higher studies. At that time Breslau University didn’t use to admit female students to study. She had to fight and go through a lot of struggle to get permission for taking the entrance exam, which would enable her to qualify for the university entrance exam. However, Nothing was able to stop Clara Immerwahr’s indomitable spirit.

 In 1898, Clara Immerwahr became the first woman in Germany to pass the difficult Verbandsexamen, a predoctoral qualifying examination designed to raise standards in the training of professional chemists.

On December 12, 1900, Clara got the doctorate degree in Physical Chemistry from the University of Breslau and became the first ever woman to be awarded a doctorate from a German University. Clara’s work concerns solution chemistry, one of the main preoccupations of Physical chemistry of the time, and revolves about the connections among the conductivity, solubility, degree of dissociation, electrochemical potential, and what was called electro-affinity. Her dissertation paper was on ‘study of solubility of metal salts’ conducted under Prof. Richard Abegg. She dedicated her paper to her ‘dear father’ as he inspired and supported her throughout her life.

The day she got her doctorate, she also took an oath that-

“never in speech or writing to teach anything that is contrary to my beliefs. To persue truth and to advance the dignity of science to the height which it deserves”

After working as laboratory assistant to Professor Abegg—at the highest rank attainable by women—Clara Immerwahr worked briefly as a researcher in Clausthal and gave lectures on “Physics and Chemistry in the Household” at various women’s organizations and institutes. In spite of her efforts, she failed to manage a permanent job anywhere in male dominated circles of that time. This was frustrating her.

In April 1901 Clara and Fritz Haber met again. By that time Haber gained respect and recognition due to his work on electrochemistry, thermodynamics and especially as the inventor of large scale synthesis of ammonia. In 1898 he had been appointed as professor at the Technological University in Karlsruhe. Haber was known for his ambitious and incorrigible workaholic character.

They got married in August 1901 and settled in Karlsruhe. Initially, Clara thought she could manage her marriage and career. However, her ambitious husband’s demands kept her busy in making dinner for guests of Fritz Haber. She had hardly any time for herself. To this was added a difficult pregnancy and the birth on June 1, 1902, of a sickly son, Hermann.

Realizing the fact that working in a research laboratory becoming difficult Clara decided to devote her time in writing books. Haber wanted to publish his lectures on ‘thermodynamics’ in the form of a textbook. Clara collaborated with her husband in his research, especially in writing the textbook.

When the book was published in 1905, Haber dedicated the book to Clara as “his beloved wife Mrs. Clara Haber, Ph.D., with thanks for quite collaboration. However, nowhere Haber mentioned Clara as a co-writer of the book.

Clara continued to give lectures to women. She was infuriated to find that people assumed the lectures had been written by her husband. Clara’s life was becoming miserable day by day. She was going through depression at that phase.

Meanwhile, Fritz Haber’s career flourished. In his thermodynamics book, he had stated how to prepare ammonia industrially using Iron catalyst. In 1908, BASF (a chemical company) appointed him for ammonia preparation. The company started commercial production of ammonia using Haber’s principle. This made him renowned as well as rich.

In 1911 he was appointed the head of the recently founded Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of physical chemistry and electrochemistry in Berlin. Despite having hostility towards Jews, highly talented Jews could still rise to the top of their professionals. Although their colleagues and fellow citizens regarded them not as fully German. Certain discriminations were still there.

The outbreak of World War I in 1914 gave Haber an opportunity to prove his patriotism. Soon he concentrated all his efforts on developing poison and other gases for war. In early 1915, he suggested a simple idea to release highly toxic chlorine gas so that it would drift across to the enemy trenches, where it would kill and disable without an artillery bombardment.

Horrified by Haber’s work, Clara came out open to oppose his work.
Condemning this as “perversion of the ideals of science” as “a sign of barbarity. Clara’s couldn’t forget the oath she took during her doctorate ceremony. She pleaded several times with her husband to cease work on gas warfare. But alas, Haber was not ready to listen to her. Moreover, he accused her in public of making statements treasonous to the Fatherland.

Finally, the first poison gas attack took place on April 22, 1915, on the Western front in the Ypres sector of Belgium. Of the seven thousand casualties that day, more than five thousand died. Countless additional attacks resulted in the deaths of at least a hundred thousand soldiers on both sides.

Haber was promoted to the rank of captain. Returning in triumph from the front to their home in the elegant Berlin suburb of Dahlem, he attended a party in his honor on May 2, the night before he was due to go to the eastern front to supervise a gas attack.

That night the couple quarreled. Their marriage was anyway going through a crisis. Haber was seldom at home. His ambitions kept him busy with his colleagues. He went on frequent trips with his colleagues and even had affairs with other women.

In a letter to her friend Professor Abegg Clara wrote-

“What Fritz [Haber] has gained during these last eight years, I have lost, and what’s left of me, fills me with the deepest dissatisfaction. “

Her inability to prevent her husband from involving in World War I chemical warfare, along with this, the death of two of her closest friend Richard Abegg (his supervisor) and Otto Sackur filled her with deep grief. On 2nd May 1915 when her husband was celebrating the killing of thousands of soldiers by his poisonous gas, Clara Immerwahr took her husband’s pistol out to the garden and shot herself.

That’s how the life of a promising scientist and an incredible woman ended. In the biography of Clara Immerwahr, Gerit von Leitner stated that- Clara was destroyed – as both a person and a scientist – by her oppressive and opportunistic husband’.

Fortunately, people started realizing Clara Immerwahr’s legacy in the 1970s. Historians and activists began to investigate the remarkable woman who ended her life in protest against the desecration of science. A biography on her had been written by Gerit von Leitner. In 1991 the German Section of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War awarded its most prestigious award, the Clara Immerwahr Prize. Since November 2000 the University of Dortmund has a mentoring project for women students which is named for her.

I addressed her as a promising scientist because I think she never got the chance to bloom, to show her potential as a science enthusiast. She remains a hidden figure in the shadow of Fritz Haber. She is probably the first woman who sacrificed her life for the misuse of science. Clara Immerwahr always remained faithful towards science and also to her name ‘Immerwahr’ which means-always true

Let us pay our homage to such an incredible soul.

Clara Immerwahr

What do you think about her? Have you heard about her before?


  1. Clara Immerwahr: Life, Work and Legacy
  2. Clara Immerwahr-Encyclopedia
  3. One hundred year of chemical warfare
Biography Health and Fitness Personal Growth Uncategorized

The Power Couple from India who Revolutionizes the Healthcare Sector.

I still remember the words of Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray (Celebrated Indian Chemist) about research. He said ‘ Reseach is not meant to do for yourself, research is for the upliftment of people, of society.’

The story of Dr. Abhay and Rani Bang resonates exactly with the words of
Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray. However, the story is not same for most of the researchers, especially medical professionals working in the public domain. Dr. Abhay Bang truly said-

“unfortunately, researchers often do research not for the community, but for their own peers. If you are an educated person working in places like this, even as you work with the people, your target audience knowingly or unknowingly is still your peers. Subconsciously, you are thinking, “What will I publish? What will I present at the conference? What would other non-profits or doctors like to hear?”

Unfortunately, in the limelight of news like celebrity gossip and politics, most people are not even heard about real heroes like Dr. Abhay and Rani Bang, who are working silently and making the world a better place to live for people.

So who is Dr. Abhay and Rani Bang and why you should know about them?

Well, Dr. Abhay and Rani Bang are like many of us who dreamt of making difference in the world, helping people to live better lives. The only difference is unlike most of us they put their thoughts into actions and have really left an impact on the lives of people.

Born in 1950, Wardha, Maharashtra Abhay Bang is a follower of Mahatma Gandhi. Like his father, Gandhi’s thoughts left a deep impression on his mind. Probably that’s why only at the age of 13 he decided to serve people who are deprived of medical facilities in rural places of India.

He entered medical college when he was 17 and there he met his future wife Rani. Soon they become good friends as their thoughts and aspirations match. After finishing college, they began working in Kanhapur, a village near Wardha. But they realized merely running a clinic is not enough to solve people’s health problems. They moved to John Hopkins University, USA, to better understand how to carry out public health research.

After returning from the USA, they had many options, they could have chosen any city to work. However, their dream of serving needy people took them to a tribal village in the west of Maharashtra, Gadchiroli and started SEARCH (Society for Education Action and Research in Community Health) in 1986. On asking why they have chosen Gadchiroli as their vase they said-

“We chose to go where the problems are and not operate out of cities where infrastructure such as electricity and office facilities existed but were far removed from the challenges plaguing rural India,” says Dr Abhay Bang. Gadchiroli had other advantages too. “It had a unique rural and tribal population mix and offered us an ideal test-bed to research diseases affecting both tribal and rural people,” explains Dr Rani Bang” 

Everything was going fine, until one incident which became the turning point of their research. When Dr. Bang recalls that incident he said-

“It was one of the turning points, before the hospital we constructed had been built. One rainy season, it was pouring outside and it was dark. I was relaxing in the evening after a day’s work. Suddenly somebody knocked on my door. It was a young woman carrying a tiny child. The child was skin and bones. I held the baby up as there was no examination table and started examining him. He was malnourished and had severe dehydration and pneumonia. Within minutes of arriving at that diagnosis, the baby stopped breathing. I couldn’t do anything.

“The woman had come from a village 4 km away. I asked her: ‘Why didn’t you come earlier? “

She replied by telling Dr. Bang her story: her husband was an alcoholic and spent all his earnings on drink. During pregnancy, she had not eaten because of an ingrained tribal belief that if she did, it would make the baby too heavy to deliver. She developed malaria while pregnant, but there was no money to buy drugs to treat her. When the baby was born, she fed him diluted milk. Then when the baby fell sick, she took him to a witch doctor who sacrificed a chicken for 200 rupees. When that didn’t work, she started walking to Dr. Bang but a river that lay across her path had swollen and burst its banks. She could not cross because there was no bridge: the government had promised to build one, but it had been lying incomplete for years.

“I felt very miserable when she told me this story,” says Dr Bang. “That baby died because of many factors: poverty, a wrong belief system, an alcoholic husband and corruption.”

The child’s death affected them deeply and they turn their focus to infant mortality. To their surprise, they found that almost 121 children died within one year of birth and the major cause was pneumonia. Highest in the country at that time. In search of a solution, they discovered a breath counter instrument to diagnose pneumonia. The breath counter instrument found to be very effective and once diagnosed, infants were given antibiotics to cure.

Within just two years, infant mortality rate reduces up to 80 percent in the district. Their method found to be very crucial in India and later adopted by many countries all over the world.

According to WHO norms- ill-born infants should be rushed to a hospital but in Gadchiroli district, hospitals were far and few. This forced the couple to think about building a modern hospital near the village. However, for people of Gadchiroli, there were problems with modern hospitals. What was that? According to Dr. Bang-

” The villagers said they were scared to go to hospital,” he says. “When we asked why, they told us something fascinating. They said: ‘Your doctors and nurses drape themselves in white clothes. We wrap dead bodies in white shawls. How can you save lives if you are dressed like a dead person?’ They said: ‘When they admit a patient, we can only visit between 3pm and 6pm and we don’t have wristwatches. We don’t have anywhere to stay in town, so we go back to the village. The patient doesn’t want to stay on their own.”

They soon understood the western style of the hospital is not going to work here. Dr. Bang’s solution was to build a hospital consisting of a series of huts that looked like a tribal village so that patients could stay with their relatives. They even named the hospital after the suggestion of villagers as ‘Maa Danteswari Dawakhana‘. This couple is the perfect example who showed being a doctor and a researcher doesn’t only mean to cure disease or collecting data but being sensitive to the patient’s emotions, their needs.

Later, SEARCH founded by the duo identified one woman from each village and trained her as a village health worker. Their training included checking the newborn’s weight, temperature, and breathing, maintaining hygiene, giving injections/antibiotics (if needed) and maintaining a complete record. The success of these health workers inspired the Indian government to initiate ASHA (Accredit Social Health Activist), a community health worker for every village. Not only the Indian government but policymakers from different countries visited Gadchoreli to implement health sector strategies of Dr. Abhay and Rani Bang in their countries.

The duo has also set up community-based de-addiction camps to free people from the addiction of alcohol which was a major problem in the district. In 1992 due to their movement government had to shut down all the licensed liquor shops in the district. These changed the lives of people in Gadchiroli.

Finally, the world has recognized their work. SEARCH has received the MacArthur Foundation International Award for creative and social work.
In 2005, TIME magazine honored the couple and included them in its list of 18 Global Health Heroes. Recently, they were awarded Padma Shri ( fourth highest civilian award in India) by the government of India.

Their life and work is a big lesson for people who think themselves as intellectuals. Research is not only about doing experiments in a laboratory and concluding about people’s lives based on that. According to Dr. Abhay Bang, there are three ways to conduct research-

  1. Research on the people: where one uses people as guinea pigs.
  2. Research for the people: where one try to find solutions for people’s problem.
  3. Research with the people: where one serve people by empowering them, develop solutions that involve people.

What did they get doing all these except few awards and interviews from media?

Of course, they didn’t start all these to achieve just recognition. They wanted to serve people, make a healthier lifestyle for them. One can see the satisfaction in their eyes when Dr. Rani Bang in one of her interviews said-

” When I look back over these 30 years, I feel very happy to see that child mortality has gone down, the women are now seeking care for their gynaecological problems. We may not have earned money but the love and affection whicy they give, that is the most important thing.”

After getting the Padma Shri and awards from all over the world, they got many attractive offers from governments and other organizations. But they chose to stay back and restrict their work to Gadchiroli.

“Without Gadchiroli, Rani and I are zero. This is our lab, where we see a problem, measure it, develop solutions, field-test them … and when we succeed, we try to bring about a policy change that benefits people across the country,” explains Dr. Abhay Bang.

Hats off to such people who are driving the country, the world towards growth and making the world a better place for everyone. The least we can do is to recognize such people and take some inspiration from them to use our knowledge for the betterment of us and people around us. And I must tell you about one of my favorite quote from Dr. Abhay Bang-

” Think locally, Act globally”

One favorite quote of the duo by Albert Einstien-

Have a compassionate week. Until next time. – Joy


  1. Dr. Bang interview by the Guardian
  2. Giving Infants the gift of people.
  3. Research for whom
  4. The Better India
Biography Personal Growth

The Story of a modern Superwoman

Who is a superwoman?
This is the first thing came to my mind while starting this post. When I searched in the dictionary I found-

The definition of a superwoman is a woman with superhuman powers or a woman who performs well in her various demanding roles.

Nature has designed women in such a way, when it comes to certain roles women are more efficient. Like managing multiple things, playing different roles in life. For me every mother is superwoman. Imagine the different roles of a mother. From taking care of her children to family to other stuffs of home and sometimes even working full time in a job. That’s a lot to do at the same time. Mother’s do all these things without ever complaining. That’s why they all are superwoman.

However, the superwoman about whom I am going to talk about is neither a mother nor has some superpowers. But, instead of that she deserved to be called a superwoman for her journey and how she inspired milions across the globe to chase your dreams and live on your own terms.

I am talking about an Indo-Canadian woman named Lilly Singh. Many of you probably know her and have seen her videos on youtube. But what you probably don’t know is her journey from battling depression to highest paid female YouTuber in the world.

Lilly Saini Singh was born on September 26, 1988, and raised in Scarborough, Toronto. Her father Sukhbinder Singh and mother Malwinder Singh emigrated to Canada from Punjab, India. Growing up in childhood, Lilly was a very extrovert child who grabs attention all the time from the people. He was the center of attraction in parties or any public gatherings due to her talkative nature.

In one of his interview, Lilly said she wanted to be a power ranger and raper in childhood but her parents wanted her to be a counselor. Lilly has done her bachelors in psychology from York University, Toronto to her parents wish.

After finishing bachelors Lilly becomes worried about her future. As she didn’t want to be a counselor. Although her parents wanted her to pursue further masters in psychology, the sheer feeling of the conventional career as counselor made her anxious.

She took a one year break before pursuing anything. She was in a state of depression at that time. At one side her parents told her to do masters in psychology and on the other hand, she was not interested in psychology anymore. It reflects when she reminds those days-

I remember writing the application for my masters and then going ‘ Oh my god! I don’t even want to do these applications, how am I going to do this for four years? ’

‘ If not psychology then what I am going to do in my life” was her biggest concern. And this insecurity slowly leads her to depression. To curb her bad feeling she started making videos on youtube in the year 2010. Remember YouTube is not that famous at that time and one cannot think it as a source of living. Many of her friends were also making videos and uploading videos on YouTube for fun at that time.

The real insight happened in Mexico, where Lilly was in for vacation after coming out of depression. When answering a question about when did she think of becoming a YouTuber she said-

I can tell you the exact moment it happened. I had a few videos out at that time and I was coming out of a state of depression and I was confused. I was on a vacation in Mexico with my family and going for a walk – it was so like Bollywood – sat at the beach and had a talk with myself. I think for the first time I asked myself – ‘What makes you happy? What do you want to do?’ And the answer was: ‘Entertaining people makes me really happy.’ ‘What am I doing right now that involves that? I am making YouTube videos. So let’s put all my effort into that and see where it goes.’ The second I flew back home, I started making YouTube videos.

There is no looking back after that for her. It’s not that she became famous overnight but her perseverance and the joy of making videos kept her going even in times when her videos were not getting many views or subscribers.

“Every video and every tweet has counted,” she told Marie Claire magazine. “My climb was slow. I took the stairs, not the escalator.”

Today she has two channel on YouTube. One is called ‘Superwoman’ with more than 14 million subscribers and other is ‘Superwomanvlogs’ with close to 3 million subscribers. Forbes Magazine has listed her as the highest paid female YouTuber and overall third highest paid YouTuber in the world with 7.5 million dollars per year.

Lilly has received an MTV Fandom Award, four Streamy Awards, two Teen Choice Awards, and a People’s Choice Award since she started her channel.

When someone asked her what makes your videos so appealing to people? She said-

I think it’s the relatability. I think what people like about my channel is that I am not perfect. I always point to my pimple, my bad hair day…people relate to that. They are watching somebody who is exactly like them and talking about things that they experience as well.

Today Lilly has worked with some of the most influencing people on the earth from Bill Gates to Michelle Obama to Selena Gomez to Dwayne Johnson and many more. She is also a Goodwill Ambassador of ‘UNICEF’ and helping empower girls all over the world.

On asking what she meant by ‘freedom of expression’ she gave a beautiful answer-

No matter what I put out, somebody will be offended. I made a video on 10 reasons to smile, and it has dislikes. That should be an indication that there will be some who get offended no matter what you do. The best you can do as an entertainer or as someone who performs is to follow what you believe in.

You can’t really do anything else. If you say ‘I don’t want to offend anyone’ then don’t get on stage. Just ask yourself ‘Do I think it is right? Do I think it is offensive? And do I think that everyone is okay to hear this? If I truly believe this then I should go and do this.’

The story of a woman who becomes the most entertaining Youtuber from a confused and depressed teenager teaches us a lot of lessons. Let’s distill some of them.

  1. Exploration is the best way to find out your passion/calling

Just like Lilly most of us remain confused at our teenage years about what to do in life, what am I good at? But merely thinking about it not give any solution we must try our hands at different things to find out what suits us. Imagine if Lilly Singh would have never tried making videos on YouTube and did his masters in psychology, her life would have been completely different. It’s her choice to explore YouTube that made her fall in love with YouTube. Your passion is hidden inside multiple layers. The more you explore, the more you get close to that.

2. Persevarance is the key

Perseverance is probably the most important factor in anybody’s success. Lilly Singh shows us the same. Her first video got just 70 views, but she started making even more videos after that. Although initial days were not great but she kept making videos as she loved to do that. For all of us we feel many times to give up at what we are doing, the only thing that can keep us going is the love towards what we are doing and the bigger picture (the why) of what we are doing.

3. Your background should not define you

Many of us born in some place, brought up in another place and then work in another place. In all these endeavors we come across different culture and people. Many times people try to restrict us by defining us with our background. It’s very important you connect your identity with something bigger. We should be universal not defined by a particular race, religion, or place.

When Lilly started her YouTube career western media used to define her as an Indian girl who is also getting views and stuff. But very soon she realized that she don’t need to be defined always by her background. She said-

Earlier on my videos used to be so geared towards Indian people because that’s what I thought I had to do”. “So I would call my videos things like ‘My Indian Parents Do This’ or ‘Indian Girls This’ and very quickly I realized that I didn’t have to do that. All the girls are pretty much the same and all parents are pretty much the same, so I stopped doing that and I stopped cornering myself into a niche that I thought I had to be in.”

4. Success comes with a cost

You should define your own success, not other people. What is a success for other people may not be for you. For some people having a big house, an expensive car and a luxurious lifestyle is a success but for you, just these may not be the success. Every success comes with some sacrifice, some cost.

If you want that Ferrari may you need to work even on weekends, maybe you have to lose your sleep a little bit. If you want to be famous then maybe you have to compromise with your privacy, you will be constantly chased by people everywhere. Define your success by yourself, what kind of life you want to live?

Lilly said it best-

“When I was younger, I had this fairy tale that you can have eight hours of sleep and be a healthy, balanced, person and still achieve your goals,” she told Vogue. “That hasn’t always been the case. On an average day, I will spend 90% of my waking moments working on Superwoman. I’m a huge workaholic. My hobby is Superwoman.”

5. Be humble and open minded always

Warren Buffet said-

“Humility is the first step towards learning. You can’t learn until you are humble enough to realize there is something for you to learn.”

Continuous growth is the secret to maintain success. And to grow continuously one need to learn continuously. The success of Lilly Singh over the years shows us exactly this. She has collaborated with some of the most influencing people whether it is Dwayne Johnson (The Rock), Bill Gates or Michelle Obama. The Knowledge and wisdom she gathered from her own experience and from other wise people helped her remain in the ground and learn continuously.

This superwoman has even written a book to describe her journey and help others in their journey-

I am posting one of her interviws where she reveals many insights-

We all are at some point of our life confused, anxious, sometimes even depressed like Lilly Singh. It’s our connection with our inner being, our courage, our appetite for exploration and learning can make us a superwoman or superwoman.

Wish all of you a great new year and may this new year bring the superwoman or superwoman from within us.

Have a great week. See you in the next year. With Love -Joy


  1. Lilly Singh with THE HINDU
  2. The Toronto life on Lilly Singh
  3. Lilly Singh Biography
Biography Science Uncategorized

Amal Kumar Raychaudhuri: The Legacy of an Indian Physicist.

You know what is one of the major problems with Science in India, especially after the british era?

We lack in scientific temper or that scientific environment among most of us. We failed to appreciate our own scientists who contributed immensely to science. Whereas the whole world admired their contribution, most of them remain a hidden figure in their own homeland.

Amal Kumar Raychaudhuri is such a name among them. Have you heard about him before? If you are/ were not a student of cosmology. Maximum chance is you haven’t heard about him.

But why is it so? Does only physics students know about Einstien or Stephen Hawking? No, right. They are loved by the entire world for their work and most importantly they got the respect from their own homeland.

You must be thinking what Amal Raychaudhuri had done?

Stephen Hawking admired Amal Kumar Raychaudhuri many times. In fact, Stephen Hawking in his Doctoral thesis ‘Properties of Expanding Universe’ used Amal Raychaudhuri’s findings to arrive at the solution.                                                                                                                                                                        Moreover, his findings helped immensely to find out the behavior of black holes and other aspects of cosmology. 

So what exactly were the findings of Prof. Amal Raychaudhuri?

In 1915 Albert Einstien amazed the world with his ‘General Theory of Relativity’ that transformed the understanding of nature of space and time and it also gave a new perspective of classical physics.                                 
General theory of Relativity

His theory proved that gravity is not a force rather it’s a manifestation of curved space and time. ‘General theory of relativity’ also showed the effect of gravity on light and time. 

Since then, it is one of the most successful theories which is universally accepted and can explain a plethora of physical phenomena like bending light, black holes, expanding universe and many more.

However, one area where ‘General theory of relativity’ seems to break down is in singularity.

What is a singularity?

A singularity is a point or region of infinite mass density at which space and time are infinitely distorted by gravitational forces and which is held to be the final state of matter falling into a black hole. 

Singularities were first proposed by Albert Einstein as a result of the theory of general relativity. He was quite worried about the appearances of singularities. He was looking for some way out of this.

But how does these singularities form?

A Supernova Remnant (SNR) is a diffuse, expanding nebula resulting from a spectacular explosion of a star in which it ejects most of it’s mass in a violently expanding cloud of debris. If the remnant is massive enough (heavier than few solar masses), then the remnant itself squeezes inward by gravity, forming a singularity, or black hole (one of the ways how black holes form).

Supernova Remnant

In this regard, Amal Kumar Raychaudhury has a great contribution as his equation (Raychaudhuri equation) helped immensely to explain space-time singularities and gravitational focusing property in cosmology. He addressed the fundamental question of singularity in most simple and general form with no reference to any symmetry and any specific property of space-time and energy distribution. 

His work later helped physicists all over the world (including Stephen Hawking) to explain other physical phenomena in cosmology in a simple manner. 

Amal Raychaudhuri published his famous equation in the year 1954 and the first mention of ‘Raychaudhuri equation’ appeared in a research paper published in 1965 by George F. R. Ellis and Stephen Hawking. In fact, this equation is the foundation of the famous Penrose-Hawking singularity theory in cosmology.

Instead of such contribution to the world of science, Amal Kumar Raychaudhuri (more commonly known as AKR) remain a hidden figure.                                              How was his life? What’s his story?

AKR was born in Barisal, now in Bangladesh, on 14 September 1923. He was just a child when the family migrated to Kolkata. His father was a school teacher in mathematics in Kolkata and AKR might have imbibed his love for mathematics from him.

 He had his early education in Tirthapati Institution and later completed matriculation from Hindu School. He did his graduation from Presidency College in 1942 followed by master’s degree from Calcutta University in 1944. It was right after this that AKR joined as a research fellow in the
Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS) to work in X-ray crystallography and then Ashutosh college, Calcutta as a lecturer in 1949. 

Later in 1952 he again joined IACS as research assistant. It was around that time he formulated the famous ‘Raychaudhuri equation’. 

In 1961 he joined the Presidency College, Kolkata as Professor of Physics. An account of him would be incomplete if it did not highlight his role as a teacher. He was a great teacher and a role model for his students. His popularity as a teacher could be guessed by a  quote his student, the late Narayan Rana, who dedicated the book Classical Mechanics (coauthored with P S Joag) with the words-

“to Professor Amal Kumar Raychaudhuri of Presidency College, Calcutta – Generations of Indian students owe their Classical Mechanics to you!’’

 AKR married Nomita Sen in 1958 and had two sons and two daughters. He used to lead a simple life. 

Till the end of life he was always busy in writing books, teaching and in his research work. His last paper published in the year 2004, just one year before his death. 

AKR died on 18th June 2005. Till his last day, he had a very positive outlook towards life, a strong sense of honesty and integrity.

The kind of scientific work he had done despite all the adverse and challenging situations that time is an inspiration for scientists all over the world. 

He was a living example who showed, a scientist’s biggest asset is his invincible curiosity and quest for self-learning.

It’s high time we appreciate our scientists and bring them to limelight so that they don’t remain a lesser known figure always.

There is a documentary on the great scientist made just before death. Click the link below-

A quote by Brian Greene worth remembering-


Have a curious week. Until next time.                                                                                                                                          – Joy


  1. Amal Raychaudhuri
  2. The story of an Indian physicist